Download A Popular Dictionary of Hinduism (Popular Dictionaries of by Karel Werner PDF

By Karel Werner

A multi-purpose reference paintings which may still develop into an quintessential significant other for anyone who comes into contact with Hinduism. incorporates a dictionary of Sanskrit and vernacular phrases; a thesaurus of phrases and ideas; and a survey of the ancient improvement of Hinduism.

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Extra resources for A Popular Dictionary of Hinduism (Popular Dictionaries of Religion)

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Dhyāna meditation, contemplation; mental absorption; the seventh limb of yoga of Patañjali. (‘clad in space’) a naked mendicant; a Jain monk of the naked sect. Digambara a title of Śiva, who frequently went about naked when practising asceticism. Dikpāla see Lokapāla. initiation. In the early times of Brāhmanism the term referred to a special set of rituals which included a symbolic sacrifice of the sacrificer’s mortal body and aimed at creating for him an immortal body in a kind of second birth.

He accepted many formal and historical features of the Hindu tradition, such as reverence for the cow and the principle of the caste system—with modifications, particularly in that he rejected the limitations imposed on the untouchables, whom he called Harijans (children of God). He fought, without lasting success, for their integration into Hindu society. g. Jesus, whose Sermon on the Mount he greatly admired. g. Max Müller, Tolstoy, Ruskin and Thoreau, and combined them with ideas from the BhG (which, incidentally, he first read in Sir Edwin Arnold’s translation).

When he reached the position of a minister of state, he persecuted , Jains and Buddhists, making converts for his new faith. The reaction of orthodoxy to his reforms got him into trouble and he died amidst some confusion. Bath (snāna) is an act of bodily and spiritual purification and a ritual obligation for Hindus and is best taken in flowing water (which perhaps explains the Indian custom of pouring water over oneself when washing in the domestic setting). It is often accompanied by oblation and other rituals and finished with total immersion (majjana) if possible.

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