By Paul Gilbert, Søren Overgaard, Stephen Burwood
What's philosophy? How should still we do it? Why may still we trouble to? those are the categories of questions addressed by way of metaphilosophy - the philosophical learn of the character of philosophy itself. scholars of philosophy this day are confronted with a complicated and daunting array of philosophical tools, ways and kinds and likewise deep divisions equivalent to the infamous rift among analytic and Continental philosophy. This e-book takes readers via an entire diversity of methods - analytic as opposed to Continental, scientistic as opposed to humanistic, 'pure' as opposed to utilized - permitting them to find and comprehend those other ways of doing philosophy. sincerely and accessibly written, it's going to stimulate mirrored image on philosophical perform and should be priceless for college kids of philosophy and different philosophically vulnerable readers.
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Additional resources for An Introduction to Metaphilosophy (Cambridge Introductions to Philosophy)
On this understanding of ‘science’ a defender of complete separation would be forced to exclude logic from philosophy. As we shall see, this is a bullet some philosophers are fully prepared to bite and, perhaps, logic is something A continuum between two extremes of an odd man out within the philosophical family. However that may be, one can take an even broader view of science and understand it as including such humanities subjects as history and language studies, which would surely commit the majority of philosophers to versions of the philosophy-as-science view.
It is possible that philosophers, working at the abstract, more ‘protected’ end of science, are perfectly entitled to pursue their inquiries from an armchair – as presumably are mathematicians, on Quine’s view. So Quine can give a much less revisionistic reply to our first question than can the experimental philosophers. It is less clear how Quine would explain the lack of progress in philosophy. If logic and mathematics have made ample progress, despite being very abstract and theoretical, then certainly it cannot be because of its position in the total web of science that philosophy has failed to emulate the successes of its close cousins.
Not that there cannot be such a thing as inquiring into the ‘conditions of possibility’ of moral behaviour, for example – perhaps this is indeed what phenomenologist Emmanuel Levinas was trying to do68 – but it seems very unlikely that this is an adequate characterisation of what Merleau-Ponty 1964a: 96, 4. 67 Kant 1929: B 25. For an articulation and defence of this claim, see de Boer 1986. 66 68 39 40 What is philosophy? people working in, say, applied ethics or the philosophy of law are up to.
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