By Friedrich Nietzsche
Dans Aurore (1881), Nietzsche poursuit l’entreprise de critique radicale de l. a. morale commencée dans Humain, trop humain, et pose ainsi les jalons d’un projet philosophique dont ses dernières œuvres, de Par-delà bien et mal à Ecce homo, seront le couronnement.
Le philosophe s’impose ici comme un travailleur des ténèbres, forant le fond de l. a. civilisation pour mettre au jour les origines plus ou moins nobles des idéaux, des croyances et des mœurs, saper les fondements de los angeles morale et faire vaciller nos certitudes. Prônant l. a. libération de los angeles pensée, il en appelle à l’affirmation de nouvelles valeurs. Et il nous montre, à travers cette série de fragments placés sous le signe de l. a. belle humeur, que l’étonnement et le scepticisme sont au principe de toute philosophie : « Un livre comme celui-ci n’est pas fait pour être lu d’un seul tenant ou à voix haute, mais pour être consulté, notamment en prom ou en voyage. On doit pouvoir sans cesse y mettre le nez, puis le relever, et ne plus rien trouver d’habituel autour de soi. »
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Extra info for Aurore: Pensées sur les préjugés moraux
Just as, from this perspec tive, it would be illusory to suppose that any myth is immediately recognizable as a myth, the mythology of a society does not neces sarily immediately coincide with what appears to be its mythology, nor with what the society, left to itself, calls 'mythology' . A structural analyst, in quest of the concrete elements that will make it possible to penetrate the levels of meaning of accounts possibly belonging to very different genres, knows perfectly well that certain proverbs, nursery songs, or episodes in sacrificial ceremonial are, in many cases, essential for a detailed understanding of what has become an exem plary story or for the construction of a conceptual schema that will reveal the interactions of two versions of the same narrative.
When Pindar sings the praises of a victor in the Games, he is pronouncing a logos; myth only makes its appearance with parphasis, the speech of illusion. It From Myth to Mythology 31 is rumour that engenders mythos. It flourishes with deceptive accounts, with twisted words that are seductive but violate the truth . Fashioned like one of Daedalus's statues, mythos is detectable from its motley of lies. It creates appearances that fake credibility and constitute a shameful betrayal of the manifestation of 'what is'.
Two separate committees were created to set Japanese traditions down in writing.
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