Download Avodah: an anthology of ancient poetry for Yom Kippur by Michael D. Swartz, Joseph Yahalom PDF

By Michael D. Swartz, Joseph Yahalom

Avodah: historical Poems for Yom Kippur is the 1st significant translation of 1 of an important genres of the misplaced literature of the traditional synagogue. often called the Avodah piyyutim, this liturgical poetry used to be composed by means of the synagogue poets of 5th- to ninth-century Palestine and sung within the synagogues on Yom Kippur, the Day of Atonement. even though it used to be suppressed by way of generations of Rabbis, its decorative attractiveness and deep exploration of sacred tales ensured its reputation for hundreds of years. Piyyut literature can educate us a lot approximately how historic Jews understood sacrifice, sacred area, and sin. The poems also are a wealthy resource for retrieving myths and logos now not present in the traditional Rabbinic assets reminiscent of the Talmuds and Midrash. in addition, those compositions upward push to the extent of good literature. they're the goods of serious literary attempt, proceed and expand the culture of biblical parallelism, and exhibit the cultured sensibilities of the Mediterranean in overdue Antiquity. The book's layout is leading edge and applicable for this complicated, allusive style of poetry. The Hebrew and English seem on dealing with pages with the references revealed in a column to the part of the web page. because the historic listener could pay attention the poem chanted within the synagogue and bear in mind the biblical references and legends in line with them, the fashionable reader will learn the physique of the poem and manage to seek advice the references with no being distracted by means of footnotes. The e-book comprises an in depth advent that not just describes the Avodah style of piyyut but additionally areas the poetry of the synagogue into the context of the artwork and civilization of the Mediterranean in overdue Antiquity. Avodah: historical Poems for Yom Kippur is the 1st quantity within the Penn nation Library of Jewish Literature, overseen via Baruch Halpern and Aminadav Dykman. This sequence will represent a library of basic resource fabric for the Jewish and Hebrew literary traditions. The library will current Jewish and Hebrew works from all eras and cultures, delivering either students and normal readers unique, glossy translations of formerly neglected texts.

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More than this, the high priest is portrayed in the Avodah as an extraordinary physical specimen. Building on rabbinic interpretations of Lev 21:10 that say the priest should be “greater than his brothers” in physical as well as moral virtues,106 the poems emphasize the strength and stamina it takes to perform the sacrifice. Thus Az be-6En Kol marvels how [h]is stature rose to the height of a cedar when he was fit with embroidered garments to ornament his body. (lines 551‒52) So too Yose ben Yose describes the moment when the high priest enters the holy of holies through the curtains: He displayed his great strength and pushed aside the curtain 105.

50 avodah As a substitute for atonement you informed his sons so that they might serve before you following his example. a t a h bar at a 51 dxRM ¨ ¨ © zxEnY © § dYrcFd ¨ § © eipal ¨¨ § Liptl ¤ ¨ § EUrIW £© ¤ Fa `vFIM ¥ © 2. Shiv=at Yamim “Seven Days” T his text is the earliest extant version of the Avodah service. It does not take the form of poetry but is rather a liturgical reworking of Mishnah Yoma. 2 Although Shiv5at Yamim follows the Mishnah closely, it omits much and introduces some changes.

Anderson, “Celibacy or Consummation in the Garden? Reflections on Early Jewish and Christian Interpretations of the Garden of Eden,” Harvard Theological Review 82 (1989): 121‒48. 88. Gen Rabbah 19:3, on which, see Anderson, “Celibacy,” 124. 89. 2‒5a, 6; see Anderson, “Celibacy,” 128. i nt r oduc t i on 29 an opinion similar to that of the apocryphal literature. Describing the moment when God first brought forth Eve from Adam, the poet states: He set her opposite him and balanced his value with hers but still her desire for her husband had not been set.

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