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F. Skinner, Walden Two (New York: Macmillan, 1976), p. 241 (original work published 1948). 46. Laurence D. Smith, "Knowledge as Power: The Baconian Roots of Skinner's Social Meliorism," this volume. 47. Several of my conversations with Skinner attest to this pessimism. Cf. Thomas McCarthy, "Private Irony and Public Decency," Critical Inquiry 16 (1990): 355-70. For other examples of behaviorists who find grounds for pessimism (though not unalloyed) on the prospects for behaviorist social reform, see James A.

B. F. Skinner and the American Tradition: The Scientist as Social Inventor Daniel W. Bjork 35 2. Knowledge as Power: The Baconian Roots of Skinner's Social Meliorism Laurence D. Smith 56 3. From Hamilton College to Walden Two: An Inquiry into B. F. Skinner's Early Social Philosophy Nils Wiklander 83 Part 2. Skinner as Scientist 4. Skinner's Progress During the 1930s: Reflexes, Operants, and Apparatuses S. R. Coleman 109 5. Engineering Behavior: Project Pigeon, World War II, and the Conditioning of B.

Skinner's autobiography revealed little about the ups and downs of his marriage. 5 Closer inspection by Rhonda Bjork sheds some light on his affectionate devotion to his wife, Eve, and to their daughters. Elizabeth Jordan compares the Skinners' permissive approach to parenting favorably with others in the 1930s and 1940s. The motive for inventing and marketing the "Aircrib"a glorified playpen with a sheet that could be crankedwas simply to lighten a parent's work for a few hours a day. Yet even the sparing use it received in the Skinners' household evoked widespread rumors of mistreatment of their children.

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