By Dirk Hoffmeister (eds.)
This re-creation presents a finished examine the molecular genetics and biochemical foundation of fungal biology, overlaying very important version organisms comparable to Aspergilli whereas additionally integrating advances made with zygomycetes and basidiomycetes.
This e-book teams a complete of 15 chapters authored by means of professional students of their respective fields into 4 sections. 5 chapters conceal a variety of points of gene expression rules. those diversity from legislation in organismal interactions among parasitic fungi and their host plant, heavy steel rigidity and worldwide regulate of usual product genes to conidiation and rules via RNA interference. chapters are devoted to sign transduction, highlighting MAP-kinase-dependent signaling and heterotrimeric G-proteins. Fungal carbohydrates are the topic of the 3rd part, which addresses either polymeric cellphone wall carbohydrates and trehalose as a big, low molecular weight carbohydrate. The fourth part emphasizes the metabolism of significant parts (carbon, nitrogen, sulfur) and demanding mobile pathways for basic and secondary products.
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Eukaryot Cell 12(8):1087–1096 Khaldi N, Seifuddin FT, Turner G, Haft D, Nierman WC, Wolfe KH, Fedorova ND (2010) SMURF: genomic mapping of fungal secondary metabolite clusters. Fungal Genet Biol 47(9):736–741 Kim HK, Lee S, Jo SM, McCormick SP, Butchko RA, Proctor RH, Yun SH (2013) Functional roles of FgLaeA in controlling secondary metabolism, sexual development, and virulence in Fusarium graminearum. PLoS One 8(7):e68441 Kopke K, Hoff B, Bloemendal S, Katschorowski A, Kamerewerd J, Ku¨ck U (2013) Members of the Penicillium chrysogenum velvet complex play functionally opposing roles in the regulation of penicillin biosynthesis and conidiation.
Mol Microbiol 48:85–94 Tsitsigiannis DI, Keller NP (2007) Oxylipins as developmental and host-fungal communication signals. Trends Microbiol 15:109–118 Molecular Biology of Asexual Sporulation in Filamentous Fungi Tsitsigiannis DI et al (2004) The lipid body protein, PpoA, coordinates sexual and asexual sporulation in Aspergillus nidulans. J Biol Chem 279:11344– 11353 Tsitsigiannis DI et al (2005) Three putative oxylipin biosynthetic genes integrate sexual and asexual development in Aspergillus nidulans.
Thus, the discovery of LaeA, capable of regulating multiple SM clusters simultaneously, was remarkable and recognized early on as a useful tool in SM sleuthing (Bok and Keller 2004; Bok et al. 2006a). Here, we present an overview of LaeA function in SM production in fungi, and in so doing, compile a list of all SMs currently known to be regulated by this protein. For a more thorough review of LaeA impact on other aspects of fungal development, we refer the reader to Jain and Keller (2013). II. LaeA Mechanism LaeA was identified through a chemical mutagenesis of an Aspergillus nidulans norsolorinic acid-producing strain.
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