Download Catalysts for Nitrogen Fixation: Nitrogenases, Relevant by Barry E. Smith, Raymond L. Richards, William E. Newton PDF

By Barry E. Smith, Raymond L. Richards, William E. Newton

Organic nitrogen fixation offers greater than 50% of the entire annual enter of the fundamental point nitrogen to global agriculture. therefore, it truly is of substantial agronomic value and significant to nutrition provides, fairly in constructing nations. This e-book, with chapters authored through across the world well known specialists, offers a accomplished and targeted account of the interesting heritage of the method - together with the superb discoveries of molybdenum-independent nitrogenases and superoxide-dependent nitrogenase; a assessment of Man's makes an attempt to emulate the organic approach - such a lot effectively with the commercially dominant Haber-Bosch strategy; and the present kingdom of the certainty paintings with recognize to the enzymes - known as nitrogenases - answerable for organic nitrogen fixation. The preliminary chapters use a ancient method of the organic and business methods, via an summary of assay methodologies. the subsequent set of chapters makes a speciality of the classical enzyme, the molybdenum nitrogenase, and information its biosynthesis, constitution, composition, and mechanism of motion in addition to detailing either how editions of its part proteins are developed by means of recombinant DNA expertise and the way computational ideas are being utilized. the subtle chemical modelling of the metal-containing clusters within the enzyme is reviewed subsequent, through an outline of the 2 molybdenum-independent nitrogenases - first, the vanadium-containing enzyme after which the iron-only nitrogenase - including a few techniques as to why they exist! Then follows an updated remedy of the essentially "non-classical" houses of the superoxide-dependent nitrogenase, which extra heavily resembles molybdenum-containing hydroxylases and similar enzymes, like nitrate reductase, that it does the opposite nitrogenases. each one bankruptcy comprises an intensive record of references. This e-book is the self-contained first quantity of a accomplished seven-volume sequence. No different to be had paintings presents the up to date and in-depth assurance of this sequence and this quantity. This e-book is meant to function an imperative reference paintings for all scientists operating during this quarter, together with agriculture and the heavily comparable metals-in-biology quarter; to aid scholars to go into this not easy region of study; and to supply technological know-how directors easy accessibility to very important appropriate details.

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Extra info for Catalysts for Nitrogen Fixation: Nitrogenases, Relevant Chemical Models and Commercial Processes (Nitrogen Fixation: Origins, Applications, and Research Progress)

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20, 403-409. , and Broeshart, H. (1975). An independent measurement of the amount of nitrogen fixed by a legume crop. Plant and Soil, 43, 707-711. , and Burris, R. H. (1962). Intermediates in biological nitrogen fixation. , 21, 399. Greiner, L. , Walker, R. , and Brown, P. E. (1937). A greenhouse study of the effects of fine limestone applied in the row with legume seed on acid soils. J. Amer. Soc. , 29, 157-165. Hardy, R. W. , Holsten, R. , Jackson, E. , and Burns, R. C. (1968). The acetylene-ethylene assay for N2 fixation: Laboratory and field evaluation.

H. (1962). Intermediates in biological nitrogen fixation. , 21, 399. Greiner, L. , Walker, R. , and Brown, P. E. (1937). A greenhouse study of the effects of fine limestone applied in the row with legume seed on acid soils. J. Amer. Soc. , 29, 157-165. Hardy, R. W. , Holsten, R. , Jackson, E. , and Burns, R. C. (1968). The acetylene-ethylene assay for N2 fixation: Laboratory and field evaluation. , 43, 1185-1207. Hart, M. H. (1979). Was the pre-biotic atmosphere of the earth heavily reducing? Origins of Life, 9, 261275.

1930). Can Bacterium radicicola assimilate nitrogen in the absence of the host plant? , 29, 37-57. Mayer, S. , Kelly, F. , and Morton, M. E. (1955). Ammonia determination and sample preparation for mass spectrometry by a micro diffusion method. Anal. , 27, 837-838. McComb, J. , and Dilworth, M. J. (1975). Acetylene reduction by Rhizobium in pure culture. Nature, 256, 409-410. Merkenschlager, F. (1921). Die chlorose der lupinen auf kalkböden. Fühlung’s Landw. , 70, 19-24. , Roberts, E. , and Wilson, T.

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