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By Owen Chadwick

Continuous and infrequently heated curiosity is proven within the regulate via governments over records of their ownership, and within the time within which entry to them is denied - and never in simple terms at the a part of the historians to whom the records are of leading obstacle. Professor Chadwick summarises the sluggish institution of the papal documents right down to the start of the 19th century, once they have been carried off to Paris at the orders of Napolean. Their go back (for the main half) to Rome and the following background of the connection among their guardians and would-be clients supply a full of life narrative of human in addition to historic curiosity. the writer exhibits how an issue built in the Vatican itself among the statesmen who wanted rigourously to limit what used to be published to the general public and the historians who sought after unfastened entry. this crucial learn of ways new attitudes and strategies of background affected the Church relies upon the author's Herbert Hensley Henson Lectures in Oxford 1976, and may curiosity documentalists and basic readers in addition to ecclesiastical and normal historians.

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Extra resources for Catholicism and History: The Opening of the Vatican Archives

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Gherardi had one more quick look at his papers after the French marched in, and then fled. He sought refuge in Genoa. But he did not yet publish the documents. The reason became plain twenty years later. In his flight he had not removed most of the documents. Though he took ten of them with him he left the others somewhere in Rome. 21 28 THE RECORD OF GALILEO S TRIAL: MARINO MARINI Meanwhile in Rome, the whereabouts of the main papers in the Galileo case were disclosed. During the revolution the Pope gave them for safe-keeping to Monsignor Marino Marini.

On Sunday 14 March 1847 Newman and two of his companions communicated at the tomb of the founder of the Oratory, St Philip Neri. 7 Theiner helped to bring to birth an important new venture in Catholic life. Baronius carried his Annals to the twelfth century. The Annals received an excellent continuation by Rinaldi, and Rinaldi received a good continuation by Laderchi. Thus the history of the Papacy was brought to the year 1572. Theiner now asked his superiors for leave to continue Baronius further.

His sense of independence grew. 19 As Theiner's stature grew, he took wider freedom. And his attitude to one sensitive area - the trial of Galileo - began to change. Whenever applications came for copies of documents from the Vatican Archives, the applications went to the Secretary of State. Of the various qualities needed for an effective Secretary of State, Cardinal Antonelli possessed only one, promptitude in business. He always referred these applications at once to the prefect of the archives.

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