Download Clinical Psycholinguistics by Theodore Shapiro PDF

By Theodore Shapiro

One of Moliere's gauche characters in Le Bourgeoise Gentilhomme re­ sponds with shock whilst he learns that he has been conversing prose all his lifestyles. the plain discovery, mirrored in his remark, presents us with either the virtues and the problems in offering "yet one other book," particularly one with a a bit of formidable name as this one. The virtues can be cataloged below cross-fertilization between a few disciplines which supplies impetus to new rules, paintings, or even dis­ coveries. The problems pertain to the adaptation in concentration of every disci­ pline, the adaptation within the item each one self-discipline chooses to check, and the adaptation in really expert language that accrues among fields of inquiry. now not too decades in the past, common technological know-how and particularly psychology have been in the confines of philosophy and its subsectors: the pre­ Socratic philosophers have been primarily cosmologists, and purely later, with Socrates and Plato's paintings, did an curiosity in epistemology suppose a valuable place inside of philosophy. even supposing this occasion placed guy on the middle of philosophical inquiry, the emergence of ideas to check mental methods in step with se used to be certainly overdue and, at that, lengthy after average technological know-how had edged clear of philosophy. lately, it really is a few­ instances tricky to differentiate linguistics from philosophy, simply because there's a powerful wave of philosophical considering that's depending on linguistic research, and the really good linguistics of that zone relies seriously on philosophical musings.

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We could interpolate Freud's discussion of the early organizing effect of the pleasure-unpleasure principle with the predominance of the perceptual system which, in later life, is recathected in dreams as a regression. Specifically, Vygotsky's discussion Language and Psychology 29 of Piaget resulted in the notion that, while the child develops a continuous accretion of new verbal forms (or new phonetic mimicries), he gradually begins to match those with, and put them into relation to, already existing thought traces available to him in different, concrete, perceptual forms.

Even on those occasions when my intuitions outbid my logic, and "I" insist that man is unique, I cannot accept the arrogance that believes it knows in what the uniqueness consists. -David Prernack, 1976, p. 560. It is not really necessary in a book concerned with the application of linguistics to psychotherapy to wander into the issue of language in infrahuman species. However, the path has been set down throughout the years that scientists have been attempting to demonstrate the correspondences in intelligence and even linguistic performance between lower species and man.

Current studies are also in progress with a chimp called Nim, who has, at last report, collected 300 signs. From this brief review of the literature concerning attempts to teach language to chimpanzees, we apparently have to accept that these close biological neighbors to man are indeed capable of a good deal more in the way of languagelike behavior than we ever thought. However, some of the most cogent criticism of this work in designating it as a language comes from Bronowski and Bellugi (1970).

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