By Umberto Eco
Suite à une dialog dans un taxi new-yorkais avec un chauffeur pakistanais qui ne comprend pas qu’un will pay puisse exister sans ennemis, Umberto Eco s’interroge. Après avoir constaté les ravages d’idéologies totalitaires telles que le nazisme ou le fascisme, l. a. société actuelle ressent-elle los angeles nécessité de se définir par rapport à un ennemi et de le diaboliser ? Les Etats renonceraient-ils, aujourd’hui, à l’opportunité de créer de nouveaux boucs émissaires pour renforcer le sentiment d’identité nationale et leur pouvoir ?Puis, à l’occasion de conférences ou d’essais à thèmes qui amusent autant celui qui parle que celui qui écoute, et qui sont, en somme, des exercices de rhétorique baroque, l’auteur aborde avec jubilation des sujets variés : l’idée de l’absolu, los angeles tragédie d’Anna Karenine, los angeles poétique de l’excès chez Victor Hugo, les divertissements inspirés par les almanachs, « Parlez-moi d’amour », etc.Le grand érudit qu’est Umberto Eco traite dans ces « écrits occasionnels » de questions qui l’intriguent et le passionnent, sans jamais oublier d’amuser son lecteur.
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Additional resources for Construire l'ennemi : ... et autres écrits occasionnels
It took decades before the public health consequences of its diffusion were ﬁnally attributed to it, before asbestos and its inventors, manufacturers, proponents, and inspectors were called into question; it took dozens of alerts and scandals before work-related illnesses, cancers, and the difﬁculties of asbestos removal ended up being traced back to their cause and counted among the properties of asbestos, whose status shifted gradually: once an ideal inert material, it became a nightmarish imbroglio of law, hygiene, and risk.
2. Political ecology does not seek to protect nature and has never sought to do so. On the contrary, it seeks to take charge, in an even more complete and mixed fashion, of an even greater diversity of entities and destinies. If modernism claimed to be detached from the constraints of the world, ecology for its part gets attached to everything. 3. Political ecology has never claimed to serve nature for nature’s own good, for it is absolutely incapable of deﬁning the common good of a dehumanized nature.
Even more perversely, it is going to let itself be intimidated by deep ecology, which, because it defends the largest beings arranged in the most rigid and incontrovertible fashion possible, will always seem to have the high ground, appropriating the power invented by the myth of the Cave for its own beneﬁt. Whenever political ecology encounters beings with uncertain, unpredictable connections, it is thus going to doubt itself, believe it has been weakened, despair over its own impotence, be ashamed of its weakness.
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