By Sherry Rochester
This booklet is a research of discourse-the circulate of talk-of schizophrenic audio system. Our target is to appreciate the strategies which account for the standard circulate of speak that occurs for all time among audio system and lis teners. How do conversations take place? what's wanted by means of a listener to persist with a speaker's phrases and reply safely to them? How a lot can a speaker take without any consideration and what kind of has to be said explicitly for the listener to stick with the speaker's meanings without problems and simply? at any time when we ask those questions, we appear to have to return to a couple position ahead of the "ordinary" grownup dialog. This time, now we have attempted reversing the questions and asking: What occurs while conversa tion fails? caused partly by means of an early paper by way of Robin Lakoff to the Chi cago Linguistics Society and by way of Herb Clark's experiences of listener methods, we questioned what a speaker has to do to make the listener eventually cease making allowances and forestall attempting to modify the conversational agreement to cooperate. This inquiry led us to the schizophrenic speaker. while a listener comes to a decision that the speaker's speak is "crazy," she or he is giving up at the common type of dialog and asserting, in impression, this speak is ex traordinary and whatever is inaccurate. We inspiration that, if lets specify what makes a talk fail, we'd examine what should be current for a talk to succeed.
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Additional info for Crazy Talk: A Study of the Discourse of Schizophrenic Speakers
However, the dimensions on which these discriminations have been made are not well understood. The Singer and Wynne procedures have a more highly developed language base, and the results produced by these procedures provide valuable hints as to distinctive features of language use. Nevertheless, the coding procedures in both cases rely so strongly on human coders' decisions that it is not clear how one could use these procedures to construct a language-based model of the schizophrenic speaker. e.
It is much too narrow to account for how speakers produce and listeners understand language. As we noted earlier, to vary the transitional probabilities in strings of words in some way captures a kind of quantitative measure of structure in language. But what is being measured is not clear. Finally, in addition to the particular criticisms directed at these four studies, there have been at least three more demonstrations supporting Gerver's 1967 results in which "structure" seemed to be used to the same extent by schizophrenic and norlllallisteners.
An adaptation of the Harvard III Psychosocial Dictionary was used to sort words from the samples into 84 categories which had been "specifically selected for their psychological and sociological relevance" (Tucker & Rosenberg, 1975, p. 612). They found that 14 out of 84 categories differentiated schizophrenic from nonschizophrenic subjects. In a replication (Rosenberg & Tucker, 1976), the authors studied larger samples (which included subjects from the original samples) and refined their procedures.
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