By Jana Vobecka
This ebook experiences the original demographic habit of Jews in Bohemia (the historical a part of the Czech Republic), ranging from a second in historical past whilst industrialization in crucial Europe was once nonetheless distant sooner or later, and while Jews have been nonetheless residing legally constrained lives in ghettos. Very early on, even though, from the 18th century onwards, Jews constructed styles of reducing mortality and fertility that used to be now not saw one of the gentile majority in Bohemia; styles which proven them as a demographic avant-garde inhabitants in all of Europe. Demographic Avant-Garde elucidates what made Jews in Bohemia real forerunners of the demographic transition and why this happened while it did. It scrutinizes demographic records from the mid-eighteenth to the mid-twentieth century, and examines what made Bohemian Jews' information targeted from the tendencies saw within the gentile neighborhood and between Jews in different lands. In look for the solutions, Vobecka's research touches additionally upon the cultural, social, political and fiscal setting.
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Extra resources for Demographic Avant-Garde: Jews in Bohemia between the Enlightenment and Shoah
In 1454 Bohemian King Ladislav Pohrobek expelled the Jews from the royal towns of Brno, Olomouc, Znojmo, Uničov (Mährisch-Neustadt), and Jihlava (Iglau) in Moravia, and Jews did not resettle in these towns in large numbers until the second half of the nineteenth century. Most then moved to and settled in smaller feudal towns or to the rural estates of the nobility, where they practiced a trade or peddled goods. As a result, in the fifteenth century many Jews in Moravia lived directly under the protection of local nobles scattered across numerous small estate towns, especially in southern Moravia.
He drew on various demographic and historiographical studies and partial reconstructions of populations from as far back as the seventeenth century. He identified aristocracies (including the urban bourgeoisie), Jews in northern Italy, and urban populations (before the onset of mass urbanization) as forerunners in the fertility decline in their respective contexts. 1 Another study, by sociologists Goldscheider and Uhlenberg (1969), focused on the 1 The latter characteristic may be somewhat distorted by the fact that further back in the past only groups with some special characteristics were documented separately.
All of them also have a lukewarm relationship to religious orthodoxy. Another research study on the early fertility decline in Austria-Hungary by Paul Demeny (1968) shows that there were at least two distinct groups of fertility decline forerunners in the multinational Habsburg Monarchy. As to be expected, the first were the populations in the capital, Vienna, and in the most industrialized part of the Monarchy, Bohemia. The second was rural Transdanubia (at the time southern Hungary), where the population was primarily agrarian and there was little industrialization.
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