By Teun A. van Dijk
Such a lot of our wisdom is got by means of discourse, and our skill to provide and comprehend discourse is most unlikely with no the activation of huge quantities of data of the realm. either 'discourse' and 'knowledge' are primary techniques of the arts and social sciences, yet they can be taken care of individually. according to a idea of average wisdom, the e-book offers with the cognitive techniques, social distribution, cultural ameliorations and the linguistic and discursive 'management' of data in interplay and communique in epistemic groups. the 1st booklet to undertake a multidisciplinary method of learning the connection among the 2 techniques, Discourse and data introduces the hot box of epistemic discourse research. utilizing a variety of examples to demonstrate the idea, it truly is crucial interpreting for either scholars and teachers drawn to epistemology, linguistics, discourse research, cognitive and social psychology and the social sciences.
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Extra resources for Discourse and Knowledge: A Sociocognitive Approach
If needed, we shall later introduce other types of entity, for instance for the semantics of discourse. 1 Imagined worlds, situations and events and the problem of intentionality Facts are deined as existing states of affairs in the real world. But we not only think and talk about the real world but also imagine and talk about counterfactual, wished-for, ictional or other ‘possible’ worlds and their situations, as we also do in the formal terms of modal logic (Hughes and Cresswell, 1968) and the semantics of counterfactuals (Ichikawa and Jarvis, 2012).
May objectively react to natural facts. On the other hand, we may have a subjective experience (opinion, emotion) of, and subjectively speak about, the natural fact of a sunset or a headache as well as of the social fact of a terrorist attack or a divorce. However, social facts may be found to be ‘objective’ in everyday life in a way that is hardly different from natural facts, as is the case for a car accident as compared to an earthquake. Such is generally the case for (the use of) money, the streets, cities or pollution.
3 Context Discourse and knowledge are not only both intentional as representations of states of affairs, but also contextual. Whereas we assume that knowledge is relative to epistemic communities and their criteria, as well as to speciic situations of perception and experience, all discourse is produced and understood in speciic communicative situations. The ‘same’ discourse may be true in one situation, false or otherwise (non) satisied in another, if only because of the variable interpretation of its deictic (indexical) expressions.
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