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By Christopher T. Saunders (eds.)

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Additional resources for East and West in the Energy Squeeze: Prospects for Cooperation

Example text

Simultaneously, it establishes the essential indications of changes in the production and processing efficiency rate, and so for the necessary development of primary energy supplies. In the GDR, the following lines of production and processing should be investigated in detail: a) raw brown coal mining - production of coal briquettes - production of coke and gas b) raw brown coal production - steam production - production of electric energy and heat c) oil procurement - production of heating oil, petroleum and diesel.

The changes in the population's consumption pattern mentioned above, the necessary adjustment of the export pattern in response to changing external market conditions, and the necessary priority development of the "productivity producing" branches of the economy will certainly be associated with significant structural changes in the economy, affecting final as well as earlier stages of production. The decrease in the growth rates of raw materials and supply of inputs strongly affects this process, with implications for the possible growth of material final production, for structural changes in the material economy as well as for changes in cooperation, specialization and combination within the GDR's economy and between the countries of the Council for Mutual Economic Aid (CMEA).

2. .... - ...... ~ --........ olo~~ / Energy for end use,.... ,_... ,_... _::-.... - -~~~v/ 1 rs'lb' 100 58 / " Industrial/~/ /Prod. " GNP (CPE) ..... ~ 1 - - - -.... ------ -Population r--- 70 80 90 2000 10 20 APPENDIX I Terminological Explanations gross national product (CPE) = GNP (ME) + costs of materials - tertiary production (services) national income (CPE) = net social product (ME) - tertiary production gross domestic primary energy consumption = domestic production + import of primary and processed/converted energy - export of primary and converted energy +/- changes of stocks energy for use (Gebrauchsenergie) =energy output of energy sectors sold to energy consuming sectors CPE = centrally planned economy concept ME= market economy concept APPENDIX II a accumulation ratio Symbols A NV persons employed in producing sectors amortizations e M+CA p fund (stock) of fixed assets in producing sectors reciprocal of capital output ratio indicator of commodities or sectors IK investments of non-producing sectors IN net investments of producing sectors K consumption, K 1 =individual consumption, KG= social consumption k1 individual consumption ratio LP earned income of employees in producing sectors M material consumption (input) 59 national income produced national income for domestic use GNP p p labour productivity = a 50 selected raw materials and energy sources q a R net income (national income minus wages) t last year of the planning period sP p increment of material stocks and reserves exports imports wE - w1 = trade balance surplus final product (national output) = Np + cA growth relation between earned income in producing sectors and individual consumption 71' growth relation between average wages and labour productivity 0A ..

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