Download Endohedral metallofullerenes: fullerenes with metal inside by Hisanori Shinohara, Nikos Tagmatarchis, Sir Harold Kroto PDF

By Hisanori Shinohara, Nikos Tagmatarchis, Sir Harold Kroto

Endohedral Metallofullerenes: Fullerenes with steel Inside provides a entire survey of the present nation of data on endohedral metallofullerenes, from coaching to functionalization, reactivity and functions. Following a quick historic evaluation, the ebook describes equipment for synthesis, extraction, separation and purification, and offers an perception into the molecular and crystal constructions. next chapters talk about quite a few different types of endohedral metallofullerenes in accordance with the encapsulated species, together with carbides, nitrides, sulphides, oxides, non-metal and non-IPR endohedral metallofullerenes, through scanning tunneling microscopy stories and the exam of digital, vibrational, magnetic and optical houses. The publication concludes with chapters addressing the chemical functionalization of endohedral metallofullerenes, and purposes starting from sun cells to biomedicine.

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Rev. Lett. 77 1075 [9] Knapp C, Dinse K‐P, Pietzak B et al. 1997 Fourier‐transform EPR study of N@C60 in solution Chem. Phys. Lett. 272 433 [10] Mauser H, van Eikema Hommes N, Clark T et al. 1997 Stabilization of atomic nitrogen inside C60 Angew. , Int. Ed. Engl. 36 2835 [11] Hirata T, Hatakeyama R, Mieno T and Sato N Production and control of K‐C60 plasma for material processing 1996 J. Vac. Sci. , A 14 615 [12] Krawez N, Tellgmann R, Gromov A et al. 1998 Molecular Nanostructures, eds H Kuzmany, J Fink, M Mehring and S Roth (London: World Scientific), pp.

0). A theoretical study predicted that the formal electronic structure of Sc2C2@ C82 is well represented by (Sc2C2)2+2@C824−, where two 4s electrons of each Sc atom transfer to the C82 cage [87]. 2 which is in good agreement with the theoretical value. Furthermore, Pichler et al. 6 [91]. 2 A Tri‐metallofullerene: Sc3C2@C80 A tri‐scandium fullerene, Sc3@C82 (currently identified as Sc3C2@C80, cf. 2). A synchrotron X‐ray structural study on Sc3@C82 has been reported based on Rietveld/MEM analysis [92].

Chem. 98 8597 [27] Adachi G, Imanaka N and Fuzhong Z 1991 Handbook on the Physics and Chemistry of Rare Earths, Vol. 15, eds K A Gschneider Jr and L Eyring (Amsterdam: Elsevier), p. 61 [28] Saito Y, Yokoyama S, Inakuma M and Shinohara H 1996 An ESR study of the formation of La@C82 isomers in arc synthesis Chem. Phys. Lett. 250 80 [29] Mieno T 1998 Efficient production of endohedral metallofullerenes in repetitive gravitation‐free arc discharge using a vertical swing tower Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 37 L761 [30] Shinohara H, Sato H, Ohchochi M et al.

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