Download The Virgin Goddess: Studies in the Pagan and Christian Roots by Stephen Benko PDF

By Stephen Benko

The modern look for the female face of God is requiring a second look of the connection of Christianity to the pagan international within which it got here to delivery. Stephen Benko ways this research as either an historian and a Christian believer. Inquiring into extra-biblical resources of Marian piety, trust and doctrine, he proposes that there's a direct line, unbroken and obviously discernible, from the goddess-cults of the ancients to the reverence paid and finally the cult accorded to the Virgin Mary. bankruptcy by way of bankruptcy, he seeks to set up his end that during Mariology the Christian genius preserved and reworked the very best and noblest rules that paganism constructed prior to it. instead of being a "regression" into Paganism, he argues, Mariology is a development towards a clearer and higher realizing of the female element of the divine and the function of the feminine within the historical past of salvation.

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The Virgin Goddess: Studies in the Pagan and Christian Roots of Mariology (Studies in the History of Religions)

The modern look for the female face of God is requiring a re-evaluation of the connection of Christianity to the pagan international during which it got here to delivery. Stephen Benko methods this examine as either an historian and a Christian believer. Inquiring into extra-biblical assets of Marian piety, trust and doctrine, he proposes that there's a direct line, unbroken and obviously discernible, from the goddess-cults of the ancients to the reverence paid and at last the cult accorded to the Virgin Mary.

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Additional resources for The Virgin Goddess: Studies in the Pagan and Christian Roots of Mariology (Studies in the History of Religions)

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Pp. 187-188; W. H. Roscher, "Iuno Caelestis," in Roscher's Lexikon, op. , pp. 612-615. Some material is also in works dealing with the history o f Carthage and Carthaginian r e l i g i o n , especially those o f Movers, op. ; Davis, op. ·, G. Charles-Picard, Les Religions de l'Afrique antique, Paris: Pion, 1954. T h e spread of the cult under the emperor Septimius Severus is dealt with by Alfred von Domaszewski, Die Religion des römischen Heeres, Trier: Fr. Lintz, 1895, and Abhandlungen zur römischen Religion, Leipzig/Berlin: Teubner, 1909.

21, in Livy, The Early History of Rome, ed. A . : Penguin Books, 1969, p. 348. C. a temple was dedicated on the Aventine to Juno Regina. (I read with considerable interest and with some surprise that in Roschini's massive Mariology exactly these words of Livy are quoted in support o f the thesis of Mary's Queenship. Since Camillus did dedicate the temple to 'Juno R e g i n a " the pagan climate was made favorable to the concept o f "Maria R e g i n a " and in fact "A Giunone Regina sull' Aventino, succédé Maria Regina," says Roschini (Roschini, op.

Another edition by T h e o d o r Mommsen, C. Iulii Solini Collectanea Rerum Memorabilium, Berlin: Weidmann, 1895. See also Th. Mommsen, The History of Rome, Cleveland/New York: W o r l d , 1967, pp. 63, 79 . 15 One would expect that because of the importance o f the topic there would be at least one monograph on Caelestis, but this is not the case. T h e best book on the subject is still A. Audollent, Carthage Romain, supra, n. 5. H e collected much of the epigraphical evidence for the cult o f Caelestis, as well as the ancient Greco-Roman and Christian references.

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