Download Turbulence : the legacy of A.N. Kolmogorov by Frisch, Uriel; Kolmogorov, Andreĭ Nikolaevich PDF

By Frisch, Uriel; Kolmogorov, Andreĭ Nikolaevich

Written 5 centuries after the 1st experiences of Leonardo da Vinci and part a century after A.N. Kolmogorov's first try and are expecting the houses of move, this textbook offers a contemporary account of turbulence, one of many maximum demanding situations in physics. "Fully constructed turbulence" is ubiquitous in either cosmic and typical environments, in engineering purposes and in lifestyle. uncomplicated displays of dynamical platforms principles, probabilistic tools (including the idea of enormous deviations) and fractal geometry make this a self-contained textbook. this can be the 1st booklet on turbulence to exploit glossy principles from chaos and symmetry breaking. The publication will entice first-year graduate scholars in arithmetic, physics, astrophysics, geosciences and engineering, in addition to expert scientists and engineers

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Additional info for Turbulence : the legacy of A.N. Kolmogorov

Sample text

The litre was defined as the volume occupied by a cube of 1 ϫ 103 cm3. TWRC Tailwater rating curve. TWRL Tailwater rating level. Tainter gate It is a radial gate. xxxv xxxvi Glossary Tailwater depth Downstream flow depth. Tailwater level Downstream free-surface elevation. Total head The total head is proportional to the total energy per unit mass and per gravity unit. It is expressed in metres of water. Training wall Sidewall of chute spillway. Trashrack Screen comprising metal or reinforced concrete bars located at the intake of a waterway to prevent the progress of floating or submerged debris.

Sarrau French Professor at Ecole Polytechnique, Paris, who first introduced the Sarrau–Mach number (Sarrau, 1884). Sarrau–Mach number Dimensionless number proportional to the ratio of inertial forces over elastic forces. Although the number is commonly named after E. Mach who introduced it in 1887, it is often called the Sarrau number after Professor Sarrau who first highlighted the significance of the number (Sarrau, 1884). The Sarrau–Mach number was once called the Cauchy number as a tribute to Cauchy’s contribution to wave motion analysis.

Sewer An artificial subterranean conduit to carry off water and waste matter. g. g. Ippen and Harleman, 1956; Hager, 1992a). Shock waves are also called lateral shock waves, oblique hydraulic jumps, Mach waves, cross-waves, diagonal jumps. g. Arizona-side spillway of the Hoover dam, USA). Similitude Correspondence between the behaviour of a model and that of its prototype, with or without geometric similarity. The correspondence is usually limited by scale effects. Siphon Pipe system discharging waters between two reservoirs or above a dam in which the water pressure becomes sub-atmospheric.

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